15 Maps That Show American Drug Use

Courtesy of: Business Insider

Illicit drugs are most popular on the West Coast, Colorado, and the Northeast according to 2010-2011 surveys from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Other regions of the country have their own vices, too, as the South has the most smokers and the Midwest has the most binge drinkers. We’ve mapped the data to identify these and other trends in U.S. drug use.

Below is a map of illicit drug use by state, with the highest rates found in the West, Northeast, and Colorado. Vermont is the druggiest state, with 15.29% saying they have used illicit drugs in the past month compared to only 4.29% in Utah.

01_Illicit Drug Use Past Month

Marijuana use follows a similar pattern. Vermont takes the lead again with 13.12% using in the past month.

02_Pot Use Past Month

Marijuana is even more popular among Vermont teenagers, 14.04% of whom have smoked in the past month.

03_Pot Use Past Month Youths

Many of the states that smoke the most marijuana have the lowest perception of risk. Nearly half (41.82%) of people in Mississippi think smoking weed is a huge risk.

04_Perception Great Risk Pot Once a Month

Washington D.C. takes the lead for coke use, with 3.04 percent of residents using in the past year. Other users tend to come from the West, Northeast, and Colorado.

06_Cocaine Use Past YearIllegal pain pill use is even more widespread than cocaine. Oregon takes the lead here, with 6.37% of residents making nonmedical use of pain relievers in the past year. Iowa had the lowest rate at 3.62%.

07_Nonmedical Use Pain Relievers Past YearUtah is a stark outlier when it comes to alcohol use, holding up the Mormon stereotype. The state also has some of the strictest alcohol laws in the country. The state with the highest rate of drinkers is Massachusetts, where 63% of residents over the age of 12 consumed alcohol in the past month.

08_Alcohol Use Past MonthNorth Dakota and South Dakota rank low compared to other states for drug use, but binge drinking is especially common there.

09_Binge Alcohol Use Past MonthThe part of the country that binge drinks the most also has the lowest perception of risk associated with drinking. 

10_Perception of Great Risk 5 or More DrinksTobacco use is most common in southern states. West Virginia has the highest tobacco use, with 38.46% of residents using in the past month.

11_Tobacco Use Past Month

The same goes for cigarettes.

12_Cigarette Use Past Month

Awareness of the risks associated with smoking is pretty high overall, especially in California, New York, and Florida.

13_Perception Great Risk Smoking Packs
Alcohol abuse and addiction is most common in the western half of the country, with the exception of Utah.
14_Alcohol Dependence or Abuse Past Year

Illicit drug abuse and addiction is also most common in the West, with Vermont also ranking high.

15_Illicit Drug Dependence or Abuse Past Year
Illicit drug addiction among teenagers is fairly low overall. Every state falls between 2% and 3.6%, with New Mexico, Arizona, and New England ranking higher than other states.
16_Illicit Drug Dependence Past Year Youths

Domestic Violence & Substance Abuse

Both domestic violence and substance abuse are community issues. They can affect anyone regardless of age, race, gender, sexual orientation, religion, marital status, socioeconomic status, education level, and profession. While substance abuse DOES NOT CAUSE domestic violence, the two often co-occur and may exacerbate each other.

Drugs, Alcohol and Domestic Abuse: The intersection
Substance use does NOT cause domestic violence (DV) but may be present in abusive relationships.

  • Abusers believe it is their right to exert power & control over their partners – substance use does not cause a person to feel this way but may increase the risk that he/she will assault his/her partner.
  • Abusers often use substance abuse as an excuse to justify their abusive behavior.
  • Abusers may force their partner to use drugs or alcohol – the victim’s sobriety may threaten the abuser’s power and control. Victims may also be encouraged to engage in drug or alcohol use to please the abusive partner.

Substance use and DV often exacerbate each other, making it increasingly difficult for the victim to address either one of the issues.

  • Victims who are using drugs and/or alcohol may not be able to accurately assess their own level of danger, their ability to defend themselves, and their ability to safety plan.
  • Victims with substance use issues may be reluctant to call the police – or even DV programs – for fear that they will face repercussions for their drug or alcohol use.
  • Victims of DV may turn to drugs or alcohol as a coping mechanism or may become addicted to medicine prescribed to treat injuries caused by the abuse (e.g., painkillers or sedatives). Additionally, the outcomes of victimization (feelings of guilt, shame, powerlessness, depression) can set a victim up to fall further into a cycle of substance abuse.

Substance use and domestic violence are separate problems that often go hand-in-hand but treating one does not treat both.

  • Abstinence from drugs or alcohol does not mean that the violence (verbal, emotional, sexual, and/or physical) will end.
  • Use of drugs or alcohol – on the part of the abuser, the victim, or both – does not mean that violence will automatically ensue.

For many people, the decision to seek help for an abusive relationship, for substance use treatment, or both is a complicated one. Victims of abuse and substance users often face similar barriers when trying to access help. Below are just some of the challenges people may face.

Barriers for Ending an Abusive Relationship
FEAR… Of death or serious injury, of the abuser hurting him/herself or others, of not being believed about the abuse, of exposing one’s substance use or addiction, of being stalked by the abuser.

ISOLATION… Abusive relationships often result in the deterioration of the victim’s support systems including friends and family members, access to money, transportation, childcare, housing, and social services. Soon, the abuser’s voice is the only one the victim can hear.

ECONOMIC REALITY… Victims may not be able to support themselves (and often children) on their own. She/he may not have marketable skills, may have limited access to economic assistance, and may have no access to important documents due to the abuser’s economic abuse.

CHILDREN… The abuser may threaten to take custody of the children. The victim may not want to further disrupt a child’s life by moving him/her away from friends, family and school. The children may also resent the parent for taking them away from their father or mother figure.

SOCIAL PRESSURES OR EXPECTATIONS… It can be a heart-breaking decision to leave any relationship, especially when the consequences can mean losing the support of family, friends or other social relationships. Cultural and religious values may limit a victim’s options within the relationship.

HOPE & LOVE…Abusive relationships are not abusive 100% of the time. They may still have many happy moments. Abusers often apologize for their actions, making empty promises not to do it again. This gives the victim false hope for the future. Many just want the abuse to end, not the relationship.

Barriers to Accessing Substance Abuse Treatment
An abusive partner may be threatened by the victim’s attempts to stop using and may undermine her/his efforts to get clean or sober. Victims of domestic violence may turn to substance use as a way of coping with the abuse – without an alternative coping mechanism it is difficult for the victim to address her/his substance use. Additionally, outcomes of victimization such as feelings of shame, guilt, powerlessness, depression can contribute to substance use and an inability to seek help.

Lack of resources, lack of coverage for treatment – few inpatient facilities that can take children; few facilities that can accommodate pregnant women; lack of child care to make outpatient appointments; may be denied access to emergency shelters due to substance use; many insurance policies do not cover the cost of substance use treatment programs, which may discourage people from seeking help

Social pressures – oftentimes getting treatment for substance use can mean the loss of a shared activity between friends, family members, and other support systems; many also worry about the stigma of labeling themselves “users” or “addicts”.

Substance Abuse and Domestic Violence: Myths vs. Facts

Substance use and domestic violence are two separate problems that do not impact each other.
Although substance use and DV are separate problems, both often occur at the same time and exacerbate each other. This can make it increasingly difficult for someone to effectively address either of these issues. For example, victims may be encouraged to engage in drug or alcohol use to please or appease the abusive partner. Abusers may also force their victims to use drugs or alcohol as a means of gaining or maintaining power over their partner – in fact, the victim’s sobriety may be seen as a direct threat to the abuser’s control in the relationship. Furthermore, a victim may be reluctant to call the police or a DV agency for fear of being blamed or punished if her/his substance use is discovered. A victim may also hesitate to access help because the substance use has affected her/his ability to make safe, logical decisions.
Most women in substance abuse treatment have no history of trauma (such as domestic violence).
A large proportion of women in substance abuse treatment programs have extensive histories of trauma, including physical, sexual, and emotional abuse in their childhood and adult lives.
Use of drugs and/or alcohol directly causes someone to abuse his/her partner.
Drugs and alcohol DO NOT cause anyone to become abusive toward his/her partner but may intensify an abusive situation. As many as 25-50% of men who commit DV also have identified substance abuse problems. This also means that between 50-75% of men who commit domestic violence DO NOT have an identified substance abuse problem. Drug and alcohol use is often used as an excuse for the abusive behavior. Also, substance use by the victim DOES NOT cause her/his victimization. It may, however, reduce one’s ability to accurately assess her/his own danger and defend her/himself.

Leaving an abusive relationship is always the best and safest option for a victim.
Research continues to show that leaving is the most dangerous time for a victim in an abusive relationship. From the 2 weeks prior to leaving to the 2 weeks after leaving, domestic violence victims are most at risk for serious injury and even death. According to a study conducted by the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence, leaving puts the victim at a 75% greater risk of being seriously injured or killed by their partner. Moreover, there are many barriers to accessing help or leaving an abusive relationship, including fear (of retaliation from the abuser, of losing children, of not being believed about the abuse, of exposing a drug or alcohol addiction, etc), financial limitations, medical concerns, generational and cultural values, concerns for the wellbeing of children, social pressures and expectations, hope that things will change, and love for the abusive partner.

Choosing to stay in an abusive relationship is an example of co-dependent behavior.
Many times, a domestic violence victim’s survival strategies are mistaken for codependent behaviors. Choosing to stay in an abusive relationship may be the best way for a victim to protect her/himself from serious injury or death.

Service providers, including drug and alcohol treatment counselors, are required to report to the police when a client says that she/he is being abused by her/his partner.
Domestic violence is NOT a reportable crime. Clients that disclose domestic abuse are entitled to confidentiality, and it is the role of the service provider to uphold that confidentiality. Service providers should not report incidents to the police, or even to other local service agencies – including domestic violence organizations. The victim is the expert in her/his situation, and it is her/his right to choose whether or not to access help.

“I won’t survive unless I get help”

The former “Baddest Man on the Planet” added to his list of bizarre public appearances with another unrestrained interview, this one courtesy of Matt Lauer of the “Today Show” who sought to find out more about Tyson’s recent admission that he’s still grappling with substance abuse issues and is “on the verge of dying.” Tyson uttered those words last Friday at a post-fight press conference for his initial venture as a boxing promoter, admitting he’s just been sober for six days.

Tyson visited that theme again on Thursday’s “Today Show” in a segment that was taped in Las Vegas with the two facing each other just a few inches apart and Tyson sometimes leaning over, as if trying to peer at Lauer’s notes.

“When I start drinking and I relapse, I think of dying,” Tyson told Lauer, in a piece that was taped on Wednesday. “When I’m in a real dark mood, I think of dying. And I don’t want to be around no more. I won’t survive unless I get help.”

Former heavyweight champ Mike Tyson tells Matt Lauer (l.) that when he's in a dark mood he thinks of dying.

Lauer’s interview with Tyson was heavily hyped on “Today,” with teases sandwiched between segments on the growing crisis in Syria and news of Valerie Harper’s ongoing battle with terminal cancer.

“I’ve been sober 12 days now and it’s tough,” Tyson said in his first public comments since Friday. “I’m mean and irritable.” Later, he spoke of his difficulties, abstaining from drugs and alcohol. “Yes, it’s a real challenge because I don’t know if I like this sober guy,” Tyson said. “It’s hard for me to live normal – straight is hard.” The interview with Lauer came on the heels of Tyson’s stunning comments on Friday that he still struggles with substance abuse issues. “I’m on the verge of dying because I’m a vicious alcoholic,” Tyson said at the post-fight press conference at the Turning Stone Resort in upstate New York. “I haven’t drank or took drugs in six days, and for me that’s a miracle. I’ve been lying to everybody else that think I was sober, but I’m not.”

The media in attendance later rose to give him a standing ovation when Tyson told them he would never use again.

Mike Tyson shocks sports community by saying: 'I'm on the verge of dying because I'm a vicious alcoholic.'

“No one’s failed more than I did,” Tyson said, choking up to Lauer. “I’m a king of the barbarians. There’s no one that could surpass me in the pain that I’ve endured. I can deal with it. I can handle it.”

In the interview’s most revealing moment, Lauer asked Tyson why he has never taken responsibility for his 1992 rape conviction that led to a three-year prison sentence in an Indiana prison. “I don’t think I have to make amends to that because I’ve done nothing,” Tyson said. “I really didn’t do anything to her. I didn’t rape her. I didn’t beat her. I didn’t do anything to her and I’m not going to make amends. I already made amends to myself. But to her, no.”

Tyson said he’s been able to put that episode behind him. “I’m at peace with myself pretty much,” Tyson said.

While Tyson is always raw and uninhibited, Lauer’s interview on Thursday lacked the visceral punch that his grilling of Alex Rodriguez attorney Joseph Tacopina had earlier this month on the show. In that one-on-one, Lauer surprised Tacopina with a letter from Major League Baseball in which the league said it was willing to waive the confidentiality clause in the Joint Drug Agreement to allow Rodriguez to discuss his drug testing history.

No such moment took place on Thursday.

“He is in complete conflict in his own mind,” Lauer said on Thursday on air of his segment. “You heard him contradict himself: He said I’m at peace with myself but earlier in the interview he said he can’t live with the guy he is and doesn’t know how much longer he’ll be alive. So there is an awful lot going on inside his mind and I think sometimes it confuses even him.”

Outside of giving the public a glimpse of Tyson’s struggles, the segment on “Today” also served as a promotional vehicle for Tyson’s many undertakings, such as his upcoming docu-series on Fox Sports 1 “Being: Mike Tyson” and his forthcoming HBO special, “Undisputed Truth,” which is a demo of his one-man play. While Lauer mentioned both projects, he chose not to bring up his own appearance on “Late Night with Jimmy Fallon” last year in which he poked fun of Tyson by sporting a fake facial tattoo in a humorous bit.

The Damaging Effects of Krokodil

(Updated: Sept 28th 2012 at 8:00PM) These images are EXTREMELY graphic. I’m only posting these so people can see the DANGER in this new drug called Krokodil. It comes from Russia and is new to the states and becoming more and more popular. I pray for these people who are currently going through the drugs effects. I hope the DEA can get this off of the streets and out of our country!

Images from BuzzFeed.com

Images from http://roizman.livejournal.com/1222804.html

New Drug Called ‘Krokodil’ Eats Flesh

The first cases of a terrifying new drug called ‘Krokodil’ that eats flesh from the inside out, is flammable and leaves addicts with reptilian-like skin have been reported this week in Arizona – and the state fears the beginning of an epidemic. Popular in Russia, Krokodil is homemade, is three-times cheaper than heroin and created by mixing codeine with gasoline or oil, filtering it and then injecting the rancid concoction into the users body.

Banner’s Poison Control Center most likely encountered the drug when two addicts arrived in emergency rooms with their flesh hanging off their body, exposing bone or with skin resembling that of a crocodile, hence its name.

Effects of Krokodil: This Russian man is suffering the side-effects of Krokodil use - Banner's Poison Control Center in Arizona says the two first cases of people using a drug that can rot flesh have been reported Deadly Compound: Krokodil is made by mixing codeine with gasoline and has a high that is similar to heroin  Scales: The drug is called Krokodil because it leaves users with scaly skin akin to that of a crocodile

‘We’ve had two cases this past week that have occurred in Arizona,’ said Dr. Frank LoVecchio, the co-medical director at Banner’s Poison Control Center. Continual use of Krokodil causes blood vessels to burst, leaving skin green and scaly among addicts eventually causing gangrene and their flesh to begin to rot. Rabid use in Russia has caused up to 2.5 million people to register and seek treatment as addicts and the average life span for a user is only two to three years.

‘When drug users do it repeatedly, the skin sloughs. It causes hardening of their skin. It will cause necrosis,’ explained LoVecchio. LoVechhio says that the two cases he has encountered are most likely linked and he declined to comment on the appearance of the two users. ‘Where there is smoke there is fire, and we’re afraid there are going to be more and more cases,’ said LoVechhio.

In Russia, Krokodil usage is spreading like a virus among young people and according to a Time magazine investigation, even those who manage to quit their addiction come away disfigured for life. Some users in Russia develop brain damage and speech impediments in addition to the horrific scars. 

Krokodil, whose medical name is desomorphine, has the same mental effect as heroin but is produced with over-the-counter codeine and mixed with gasoline, paint thinner, hydrochloric acid and even the red phosphorous scraped from the tips of matches.

Prevalent in Siberia and the Russian Far East, the explosion of users began in 2002, but over the past five years in Russia, usage has trebled. In 2011 alone, Russia’s Federal Drug Control Service confiscated 65 million doses. The flesh rotting that is specific to Krokodil occurs directly at the injection site which could be anywhere from the feet to the forehead to the more traditional arms. According to Time magazine, ‘Gangrene and amputations are a common result, while porous bone tissue, especially in the lower jaw, often starts to dissipate, eaten up by the drug’s acidity.’

Heroin Support Group Founder Caught Dealing Dope

A Chicago-area man who helped found a heroin-abuse support group faces felony charges after allegedly selling heroin to undercover police.

Peter K. Rundo, 21, who lives near the Springbrook Prairie Forest Preserve near west suburban Naperville, was ordered held on a $50,000 bond after being charged with two felony counts of manufacture or delivery of heroin, according to records on file in Will County Circuit Court. Officials said they received word a little more than a month ago that Rundo was buying heroin in Chicago and selling it in Naperville. John Arizzi, the deputy director of the Joliet Metropolitan Area Narcotics Squad, said undercover investigators made contact with Rundo and arranged to buy the drug from him in “controlled purchases.”

Rundo allegedly met undercover officers three times in Naperville, with the third and final sale occurring about 8 p.m. Sept. 16. Arizzi said Rundo drove to the area in a silver, 2000 BMW and offered no resistance when taken into custody. The heroin, allegedly delivered each time in small, foil packets, totaled six grams, Arizzi said.

Rundo in July 2012 was convicted in DuPage County of driving under the influence of narcotics, following an arrest in Naperville. He and two friends in recent years helped found the Open Hearts/Open Minds heroin-abuse support group. Rundo also was interviewed for and appeared in a segment of the national TV program “48 Hours” on heroin abuse.

A Friend of Mine & her Victory With Vivitrol

NICOLE Kapulsky didn’t do the 12 steps.

She doesn’t go to Narcotics Anonymous meetings and tell other recovering addicts about how she trekked into North Philly’s Badlands – 5-foot-nothing, alone, petrified – to buy dope.

Or about the worst day of her life, when her ex-husband showed up at her parents’ house with police and took her children away. Or when her family turned their backs on her and she was calling rehab centers every hour to check for an open bed – only to relapse after she’d finally detoxed.

She didn’t suddenly find God and realize that surrendering to a higher power was the only way to get clean.

“I did it my way,” said Kapulsky, 35, who was introduced to heroin in 2009, after an ugly divorce, but who has been drug-free for nearly 19 months.

And, importantly, her doctor’s way.

In January 2011, after being away from her three sons for Christmas and New Year’s, Kapulsky decided that she needed to kick heroin for good. She’d seen it kill her friends. It had to stop.

“By the time I was done, I had no savings, no jewelry. I had nothing,” she said. “I couldn’t take any more of not being with my kids. It was heartbreaking for me. My kids were my whole life. That’s when I googled it. I made an appointment and went in.”

The appointment was with Dr. Richard DiMonte, an addiction-treatment specialist in Media. He uses a non-narcotic that has helped Kapulsky and hundreds of his patients reclaim their lives from prescription painkillers and heroin.

It’s called Vivitrol, a monthly injection of naltrexone that binds to human opioid receptors and blocks the drugs’ euphoric effects, so addicts can’t get high even if they want to. Kapulsky said it also stopped her drug cravings. She doesn’t even think about heroin anymore, unlike in 2010, when she relapsed after methadone treatment.

Doctors and researchers hate the term “miracle drug.” But Kapulsky says that’s the best way to describe her experience.

My family trusts me. There’s no question of whether I’m clean or not. They know that I am because I go and I get my shot every 28 days, and they know that you can’t do drugs when you’re on the shot. You just can’t do it,” she said. “It saved me. I’m not the strongest person in the world, believe me. If I wasn’t on Vivitrol, I probably would have relapsed.”

Vivitrol was approved in October 2010 by the Food and Drug Administration for the treatment of opioid dependence. Experts say it could be a game-changer in combating the increasing abuse of oxycodone and other prescription painkillers, which doctors and law-enforcement officials say is helping to create a new category of heroin addicts.

“We have a prescription-drug problem, and it’s just getting out of control,” DiMonte said. “Most of the heroin use nowadays is because people can’t afford the prescription pills they’re buying, so they convert over to heroin, which is cheaper.”

In 2010, about 12 million Americans reported that they’d used prescription painkillers for nonmedical purposes in the past year, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Between 1998 and 2008, the reported abuse of prescription painkillers more than quadrupled, from 2.2 percent to 9.8 percent, among people 12 and older who entered substance-abuse treatment.

“It’s really taken off over the last five years. I couldn’t even begin to tell you how bad,” said a veteran officer in the Philadelphia police Narcotics Field Unit, who asked that his name not be printed because he works undercover. “It’s much easier to get started on the pills because the doctors are writing prescriptions. Nobody thinks anything of it.

“It’s a very wide range of addict,” he said. “It doesn’t just attack the poor or a certain neighborhood; it’s all over the place.”

This summer, opiate abuse was back in the news after the death of Eagles coach Andy Reid’s 29-year-old son, Garrett. He started with OxyContin as a freshman at Brigham Young University in 2002 and later began using heroin. His cause of death has not been disclosed, but Reid has said his son “lost the battle” he’d been fighting.

“These are not drugs secretly transported into the country by boat or airplane. The drugs are here,” Thomas Perricone, chief of the narcotics and dangerous- drugs section of the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Philadelphia, said of prescription painkillers. “We are seeing very organized rings where networks recruit ‘patients’ and sometimes transport them in groups to corrupt doctors’ offices.”

Vivitrol has shown promising results so far, experts say.

Instead of replacing one narcotic with another – such as methadone or Suboxone, both of which have the potential for abuse and are sold on the street alongside heroin – a monthly injection of Vivitrol forces addicts to remain clean. That enables them to participate in a support program, or, in Kapulsky’s case, one-on-one therapy, and to tackle the root causes of their addiction, which often involve mental illness.

Alkermes, the company that manufactures Vivitrol, doesn’t disclose patient data, but it says net sales of Vivitrol have increased for 12 consecutive quarters. Some doctors are using Suboxone and other medicines to taper their patients off heroin or painkillers, then switching them to Vivitrol. It could be a winning formula, recent research shows.

“These are just weapons in the arsenal, tools to help the patient. But if the underlying cause is still there, the likelihood of success diminishes considerably,” said Dr. Hani Zaki, director of psychology at Eagleville Hospital in Montgomery County, which treats substance abusers.

Zaki said the nature of addiction is still widely misunderstood. Recovery isn’t a matter of days or weeks or months, he said, “it’s always years.” Very few addicts can do a quick detoxification then go on with their life without the risk of relapse.

“The willpower and ‘just say no’ thing are really very naive. There are physical changes in the brain when you become addicted,” Zaki said. “The brain needs time to recover. Just finishing detoxification doesn’t mean that the patient is out of the danger zone.”

For Kapulsky, who now lives in Boothwyn, Delaware County, Vivitrol serves as a safety net while she pieces her life back together after she was blindsided by heroin addiction in 2009. She has regained joint custody of her children, reconnected with her sister and helps care for her 1-year-old niece. She goes to therapy once, sometimes twice, a week, and plans to take college courses to become a drug-and-alcohol counselor.

She’s happy now, and quick with a smile.

But Kapulsky said she knows four people who died from heroin this summer alone, including a close friend. She’s trying to spread the word that Vivitrol is available – and covered by many insurance plans – for people who want to get clean and stay clean.

“It’s horrible. I’ve never seen anything like this in my life, how many people are addicted to opiates,” Kapulsky said. “It’s everywhere, and nobody’s immune to it. People don’t want to believe that addiction is a disease. But it is a disease, and you know what? It’s curable.”

This is Your Disease Talking

Hello, I am your Disease

I Hate meetings…I Hate higher powers…I Hate anyone who has a program. To all who come in contact with me, I wish you death and I wish you suffering.

Allow me to introduce myself, I am the disease of addiction. I Am cunning, baffling, and powerful. That’s Me. I have killed millions and I am pleased. I love to catch you with the element of surprise. I love pretending I am your friend and lover. I have given you comfort, haven’t I? Wasn’t I there when you were lonely? When you wanted to die, didn’t you call on me? I was there, I love to make you hurt. I love to make you cry. Better yet, I Love to make you so numb you can neither hurt nor cry. When you can’t feel anything at all.

This is true gratification. And all that I ask from you is long term suffering. I’ve been there for you always. When things were going right in your life, you invited me. You said you didn’t deserve these good things, and I was the only one who would agree with you. Together we were able to destroy all the good things in your life. People don’t take me seriously. They take strokes seriously, heart attacks, even diabetes, they take seriously. Fools.

Without my help these things would not be possible. I am such a hated disease, and yet I do not come uninvited. You choose to have me. So many have chosen me over reality and peace. More than you hate me, I hate all of you who have all types of programs. Your program, Your meeting, Your higher power. All of these things weaken me, and I can’t function in the manner I am accustomed to. Now I must lie here quietly. You don’t see me but I am
growing bigger than ever. When you only exist, I may live. When you live I may only exist. But I am here…

And until we meet again, If we meet again, I wish you death and suffering.

$11 Million to Fight Youth Substance Abuse

PROVIDENCE, R.I. — Rhode Island has received an $11 million, five-year grant from the federal government to target the abuse of alcohol, marijuana and prescription drugs by teens and young adults.

The state’s Department of Behavioral Healthcare, Developmental Disabilities and Hospitals announced the award on Wednesday. The money will go toward local community efforts to prevent youth substance abuse.Statistics from 2011 indicate that 30 percent of high school students in Rhode Island report having consumed alcohol in the past 30 days. More than 6 percent report drinking and driving within the past month.Gov. Lincoln Chafee says the money will help enhance efforts to prevent dangerous abuse by some of the state’s most vulnerable citizens.

Parent’s Addictions tied to Adult Children’s Depression

Parents who are addicted to drugs or alcohol are more than twice as likely to have children who develop depression in adulthood, according to a report published online in the journal Psychiatry Research.

For the study, researchers at the University of Toronto examined the association between parental addictions and adult depression in a sample of 6,268 adults, taken from the 2005 Canadian Community Health Survey. Among the subjects, 312 had a major depressive episode within the year preceding the survey and 877 reported that while they were under the age of 18 and still living at home that at least one parent drank or used drugs “so often that it caused problems for the family.”

Parental addictions were associated with more than twice the odds of adult depression, said lead author Esme Fuller-Thomson, Ph.D., of the University of Toronto.

“Even after adjusting for factors ranging from childhood maltreatment and parental unemployment to adult health behaviors including smoking and alcohol consumption, we found that parental addictions were associated with 69 per cent higher odds of depression in adulthood,” she said. “These findings underscore the intergenerational consequences of drug and alcohol addiction and reinforce the need to develop interventions that support healthy childhood development,” said Fuller-Thomson. “As an important first step, children who experience toxic stress at home can be greatly helped by the stable involvement of caring adults, including grandparents, teachers, coaches, neighbors and social workers.

“Although more research is needed to determine if access to a responsive and loving adult decreases the likelihood of adult depression among children exposed to parental addictions, we do know that these caring relationships promote healthy development and buffer stress.”

The study was unable to determine the exact cause of the relationship between parental addictions and adult depression.

According to co-author and graduate student Robyn Katz, ”It is possible that the prolonged and inescapable strain of parental addictions may permanently alter the way these children’s bodies reacts to stress throughout their life.

“One important avenue for future research is to investigate potential dysfunctions in cortisol production – the hormone that prepares us for ‘fight or flight’ –which may influence the later development of depression.”

Source:  University of Toronto